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 Especiarias/Spice

History of Curry

The history of curry goes back a long way. In fact, there is evidence of it being used in 1700 BC Mesopotamia. While use of curry probably originated in India, it was used in England as early as the 1300’s and probably even earlier. Mention of its use can be found in the first book written on English cooking, written during the time of Richard II (late 1300s).

Curry is used in the cuisine of almost every country and can be incorporated into a dish or even a drink. The word comes from "Kari" which is from the Tamil language and was later anglicized into "curry"1. Curry powder itself is not a single spice but a blend of different spices and can be mild or hot. This golden colored spice is one of the oldest spice mixes and is most often associated with Indian cuisine.garlic, but it can be made up of many things. In India different curry ingredients are regional. In the West, when we think of curry, we think of curry powder or dishes seasoned with it.Christopher Columbus brought chili seeds back from the new world and they were traded to India did they make their way into Indian cooking to become part of the spicy curries we know and love today.

Interestingly enough, the word curry has a different meaning on the Western world then in India. In India, curry refers to a gravy or stew dish. Typically these dishes contain the Indian spice mix garam masala along with ginger, chili, cumin, coriander, turmeric, and sometimes onion and

While you might not think that the English would like curry, it’s spread to England is attributed to the British Raj whose personnel acquired a taste for the spicy foods when stationed there. These dishes and recipes were brought back home and the British made them to suit their own tastes.

While we mostly associate curry with hot and spicy peppers, the original Indian curry did not have any peppers in it since chili peppers or red peppers were not native to India. It wasn’t until

Because of the long history of curry and its adaptation into so many different cuisines, curry itself can have many different tastes and colors. Although we usually associate the golden yellow color (from the tumeric) and pungent spice with the term curry, it can be mild or firey hot and come in a variety of colors. But no matter what spices you mix in your curry - it’s guaranteed to always be exotic and tasty!

História do Curry

A história do curry remonta um longo caminho. De fato, há evidências de ser utilizado em 1700 aC, na Mesopotâmia. Embora o uso de curry provavelmente se originou na Índia, era utilizado na Inglaterra, logo no 1300 e provavelmente até mesmo antes. A menção de seu uso pode ser encontrado no primeiro livro escrito sobre culinária Inglês, escrito durante o tempo de Richard II (final 1300).

Curry é usado na culinária de quase todos os países e pode ser incorporado em um prato ou até mesmo uma bebida. A palavra vem de "Kari", que é da língua Tamil e mais tarde foi anglicizado em "curry" 1. Curry em pó em si não é um tempero único, mas uma mistura de especiarias diferentes e podem ser leves ou quente. Esta especiaria de cor dourada é uma das mais antigas especiarias em mistura e é mais frequentemente associada com cuisine.garlic indiana, mas pode ser feito de muitas coisas. Na Índia, curry tem diferentes ingredientes que são regionais. No Ocidente, quando pensamos em curry, pensamos de curry em pó ou em pratos temperados com isto.Cristóvão Colombo trouxe sementes de pimentão quando voltou do novo mundo e que foram negociados com a Índia, onde fizeram o seu caminho na culinária indiana para se tornar parte do picante caril que conhecemos e amamos hoje.

Curiosamente, a palavra curry tem um significado diferente no mundo ocidental, em seguida, na Índia. Na Índia, o curry se refere a um molho ou prato de guisado. Normalmente, estes pratos contem o tempero garam masala indiano uma mistura com o gengibre, o chili, cominho, cebola coentro, açafrão.

Enquanto você não possa imaginar que o Inglês iria gostar de curry, ele chegou na Inglaterra pelo Raj britânico cujo pessoal adquiriu um gosto para os alimentos picantes, quando estacionados lá. Estes pratos e receitas foram trazidos de volta para casa e os britânicos fizeram com os seus próprios gostos.

Embora na maior parte associado com curry e pimenta picante, caril indiano original não tem nenhuma pimenta nele, desde pimentas ou pimentões vermelhos não eram nativos da Índia.

Devido à longa história de curry e sua adaptação em tantas diferentes cozinhas, caril em si pode ter muitos sabores e cores diferentes. Embora nós normalmente associamos a cor amarelo dourado (do tumeric) temperar com o curry picante , que pode ser leve ou quente e vêm em uma variedade de cores. Mas não importa qual mistura de especiarias você ira usa, sua curry - estará garantida para sempre,exótico e saboroso! 
 

The yellow spice gives curries their bright colour

Curry spice 'kills cancer cells'
 
 

An extract found in the bright yellow curry spice turmeric can kill off cancer cells, scientists have shown.

 

The chemical - curcumin - has long been thought to have healing powers and is already being tested as a treatment for arthritis and even dementia.

 

Now tests by a team at the Cork Cancer Research Centre show it can destroy gullet cancer cells in the lab.

 

Cancer experts said the findings in the British Journal of Cancer could help doctors find new treatments.

 

Dr Sharon McKenna and her team found that curcumin started to kill cancer cells within 24 hours.

 

 

 

The cells also began to digest themselves, after the curcumin triggered lethal cell death signals.

 

Dr McKenna said: "Scientists have known for a long time that natural compounds have the potential to treat faulty cells that have become cancerous and we suspected that curcumin might have therapeutic value."

 

Dr Lesley Walker, director of cancer information at Cancer Research UK, said: "This is interesting research which opens up the possibility that natural chemicals found in turmeric could be developed into new treatments for oesophageal cancer.

 

"Rates of oesophageal cancer have gone up by more than a half since the 70s and this is thought to be linked to rising rates of obesity, alcohol intake and reflux disease so finding ways to prevent this disease is important too."

 

Each year around 7,800 people are diagnosed with oesophageal cancer in the UK. It is the sixth most common cause of cancer death and accounts for around five percent of all UK cancer deaths

 

HISTORY OF SPICE TRADE

  
  • 5000 BC Middle East Evidence of spices being used

  • 3000 Egypt Use of spices in embalming

  • 2000 Arabia Monopoly of spice trade (for 2000+ years)

  • 1500 Egypt Queen Hathepshut imports spices from Punt (East Africa)

  • 1000 Palestine Use of spices in anointing oil and incenses

  • 992 Arabia Queen of Sheba brings spices to King Solomon

  • 500 Greece Importance of spices in diet as medicine

  • 200 China Cloves imported from Spice Islands

  • 1st Century AD Rome Extravagant use of spices

  •   Rome Developed sea-trade with India; lasted 3 centuries

  • 500 Europe Spices from Moluccan Islands available

  •   Arabia Controlled spice trade until Middle Ages

  • 1100 Europe Crusades stimulated interest in spices

  • 1200 England Guild of Pepperers established; merged with Spicers

  • 1250 Europe Spices regarded as aphrodisiacs

  • 1300 Italy Marco Polo’s book stimulates interest in Oriental spices

  • 1350 Europe Spices used as medicines & fumigants during Black Death

  •   Italy Venice and Genoa control spice trade

  • 1400 England Spicers’ Guild became Grocer’s Company

  •   Portugal Henry the Navigator stimulates sea discoveries

  • 1450 Turkey Controls spices; forced other sea route discoveries

  •   Spain Columbus finds spices in Caribbean islands

  • 1500 Portugal Controls spice trade after Vasco da Gama sails to India

  • 1521 Spain Magellan’s expedition circumnavigates the globe

  •   Italy Venice’s spice wealth helps finance Renaissance

  • 1550 England Drake circumnavigates globe; imports spices into England

  • 1600 Holland Gradually wrests Spice Islands from Portugal

  •   Spain Competes for spice trade

  • 1650 Holland Controls spice trade from East Indies

  •   Creates artificial shortage of Spice Island products

  • 1700 Ceylon Coffee trees planted; later, grown in Brazil

  •   Europe Coffee, chocolate and tobacco favored over spices

  • 1750 France Peter Poivre brings nutmegs and cloves to Mauritius and Reunion

  •   Holland Destroys spices to try and create price increases

  • 1800 England Take over Spice Islands, briefly

  •   America Pepper trade with East Indies makes millionaires in Salem, MA

  • 1850 Europe Spices are of decreasing significance

  •   Sugar becomes favored flavor

  • 1900 World Dietary fashions change; spices decrease in importance

Spice Exhibit URL: http://unitproj.library.ucla.edu/biomed/spice/index.cfm


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