fonte: google imagem


Inteligência Coletiva

30/05/2010 00:36
Inteligência Coletiva de Tradutores   Motivação   Uma das lacunas de uma lista de discussão é a natureza volátil das informações. É muito comum, por exemplo, voltarem à tona questões anteriormente já abordadas. Os participantes mais antigos sabem disso muito bem. Isso porque as...


01/06/2010 21:45
In the bronze age and the iron age there were settlements on the site of Cambridge. Then in the 1st century AD the Romans built a fort on Castle Hill. However this fort was abandoned at the beginning of the 5th century AD as the Roman Empire declined. The modern city of Cambridge was founded in 875...

History of the Celtic Druids.

05/06/2010 22:33
   Druids:   History of the Celtic Druids. The Druids were an ancient order of Celtic priests in the societies of Western Europe, Britain and Ireland. The Celtic Druids served their communities by combining the duties of seer, priest, poet, philosopher, historian, scholar,...

A Brief History of the King James Bible

21/06/2010 18:38
As the reign of Elizabeth (1558-1603) was coming to a close, we find a draft for an act of Parliament for a new version of the Bible: "An act for the reducing of diversities of bibles now extant in the English tongue to one settled vulgar translated from the original." The Bishop's Bible of 1568,...


23/06/2010 17:53
RESUMO CRONOLÓGICO:   10.000 - 6.000 a.C. - Sítios arqueológicos evidenciam a presença do homem nas terras que encontravam-se ainda unidas ao continente europeu e que os romanos posteriormente viriam a denominar de Britannia. 1.200 - 600 a.C. - Celtas se estabelecem na Europa e...

German Language and Nation - a Brief History

07/08/2010 09:58
  German Language and Nation - a Brief History By Karel Kosman, Freelance Translator, Prague, Czech Republic travel [at] kenax . cz       texto aguardando tradução History of the German Language German is a member of the western branch of the...

Translating for recipe books and menus.

07/08/2010 10:12
    Translating recipes and menus appears to be a simple task at first sight, but that is only one's first impression. A menu looks like a simple food-list, and cookery books might be considered as a list of recipes with sets of ingredients and simple instructions. How misleading! We have...

The History of Translation

07/08/2010 11:23
They also felt the need to enter the world of cinematographic translation, hence the birth of audiovisual translation. The latter technique, also called screen translation, is concerned with the translation of all kinds of TV programs, including films, series, and documentaries. This field is based...

Medieval Arabic Translation.

07/08/2010 13:34
  There is no denying the fact that knowledge is a collective pursuit to which all cultures, past and present, have contributed. A great deal of this knowledge is preserved and augmented through a highly creative and rigorous process known as translation. Medieval Arabic translators did really...

Texto aguardando tradução. 

What is Grammar?

A grammar is a set of rules for the communal use of a language. A language can never become a truly national language unless all users of that language share common rules for how words are invented, used and strung together in sentences. When by some means the users of a language no longer share these rules, the language fragments into dialects and eventually, new languages. It is useful to think of dialects as not being quite so large an obstacle as different languages are to trade, commerce and exchange of ideas between regions.

A grammar is an art when it is used as a set of rules or guidelines for people to follow. The advantage of a communal guide to speaking and writing is that all users of a language, by using the same rules, can understand each other without effort.

Grammar is a science when it examines how language is used by ordinary people in their daily lives. In this case, scientists are trying to find out how language works. The findings of science gradually trickle through to the formal teaching of language, so that there is some overlap between grammar as an art and grammar as a science.

Apart from the grammar of Sanskrit, for many centuries the most widely studied grammar has been the grammar of English. This scientific study has its foundations in the grammar-as-art of the Greeks and the Romans. For many centuries there was no study of the grammar of English, hence there were no rules to teach in the schools. The early grammar schools were schools of Latin grammar. Before a grammar can be used to stabilise a language, the language must be stable and universal enough to warrant study by grammarians. That initial stability comes, not from formal teaching but from the popularity of storytellers and their styles. This mechanism is clearly shown in the history of the English language.


Queen Elizabeth I


Elizabethan Alphabet - Old English Letters

The Elizabethan alphabet contained just 24 old English letters

as opposed to the 26 letters used in the modern English alphabet.


Crie um site com

  • Totalmente GRÁTIS
  • Centenas de templates
  • Todo em português

Este site foi criado com Webnode. Crie um grátis para você também!